Large Tank Heater Selection Guidelines

PACKAGED SYSTEMS - Large Tank Heaters

Large Tank Heaters Application & Equipment Selection

Large Tank Heaters Applications

A major portion of the heating operations in large storage tanks can be performed at night during off peak power rates. Frequently, only small amounts of heat are required to sustain temperature levels in the tank during the daytime. Using Chromalox packaged control centers, large tank heating systems can be operated with little or no manual attention. The needed heat can be applied economically and automatically by using strategically located thermostats to monitor tank temperatures and energize the heaters. The heating operation may be fully automated by using time clocks to program the start and stop of both off peak and daytime heating functions.

In addition to operating convenience, electric heating systems require very little upkeep and are practically maintenance free. The result is substantially reduced operating costs over alternative heating methods.

OCE Open Coil Elements — Heavy gauge resistance wire coils are mounted into high density electrical ceramics. The ceramics are strung on a continuous support bar to provide suffi cient rigidity to insert the assembly into a 2 or 3" Schedule 40 NPS steel pipe. Pipes are installed into tanks or vessels by the end user. NEMA 4 terminal enclosure kits are available for field installation.

OCE Open Coil Elements

WARNING — In hazardous areas, pipe surfaces could achieve temperatures high enough to cause auto-ignition of hazardous materials present. Consult Article 500 of the National Electrical Code for further information on the maximum allowable temperatures for a specifi c application.

Large Tank Heaters Equipment

Chromalox offers a number of cost effective solutions to the challenge of heating materials in large storage tanks. In addition to fl anged immersion heaters, over-the-side heaters, cir culation heaters, steam boilers, heat transfer systems and heat tracing cables which are described in other sections of this catalog, Chromalox offers three uniquely designed heating systems for large storage tanks. These specialty products can be installed in above or below ground tanks made of steel, concrete or Fiberglas ® . Equipment selection ranges from simple OCE Pipe Insert Heaters to larger RSTO Unitary Immersion Heaters to the FXTH Flexible Tank Heater.

FXTH Flexible Tank Heaters — are particularly useful when the storage tank to be heated is under ground or the tank ends are inaccessible for installation of more conventional heaters. FXTH heaters can be installed through the normal manhole opening of many large tanks without requiring any modifi cations to the tank itself.

FXTH Flexible Tank Heaters

Packaged Systems

Large Tank Heaters Application & Equipment Selection

RSTO & RST — Unitary Immersion Heaters

RSTO & RST — Unitary Immersion Heaters

Metal sheath or open coil elements are inserted into an assembly of 3" Schedule 40 NPS steel pipes. The pipes are welded into an adapter box for convenient fi eld welding of the entire assembly to the header of a steel tank. The heaters are self contained with built-in controls mounted in a weather proof electrical enclosure.

Flange Heaters

Flange Heaters

- LTFX Large Tank Flange Heaters allow tank heating elements to be changed without drain ing the tank. They provids low watt density heeating over a large surface area while providing precise temperature control.

SHO Suction Heaters

SHO Suction Heaters

Heating of viscous materials, in large storage tanks, to pumping temperatures. Maintaining an entire tank of viscous fl uids such as fuel oil or asphalt at pumping temperatures is very costly. In many applications it is not practical or economical because the tanks are located underground or are not insulated.

Optional Heaters

Optional Heaters

RSTO and RST Unitary Immersion Heaters are available with explosion resistant electrical enclosures and/or adapter flanges in place of the adapter box.

WARNING — In hazardous areas, pipe surfaces could achieve temperatures high enough to cause auto-ignition of hazardous materials present. Consult Article 500 of the National Electrical Code for further information on the maximum allowable temperatures for a specifi c application.

Large Tank Heaters — Selection Guidelines

Large Tank Heaters — Selection Guidelines

 

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